## Web-Based Learning Tools

**Distance Learning**

Kay, R. H. (2009). The role of learning objects in distance learning: opportunities and challenges.

*In Rogers et al. (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Distance Learning,*2nd Edition (Volume 2) (pp. 1808-1813). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.

**Individual Differences**

Kay, R. H. (2012). Exploring individual differences in the impact of web-based learning tools (WBLTs) on student attitudes and learning performance.

*Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning, 7*(2), 89-104,

Kay, R. H. (2011). Exploring contextual differences and the effectiveness of web-based learning tools.

*Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects*,

*7*.

Kay, R. H., & Knaack, L. (2008). A formative analysis of individual differences in the effectiveness of learning objects in secondary school.

*Computers & Education,*51(3), 1304-1320. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2008.01.001

**Mathematics**

Kay, R. H. (2012). Examining factors that influence the effectiveness of learning objects in mathematics classrooms.

*Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education, 12*(4), 350-366. doi: 10.1080/14926156.2012.732189

Kay, R. H. (2011) Exploring the impact of web-based learning tools in middle school mathematics and science classrooms.

*Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, 30*(2), 141-162.

Kay, R. H., & Kletskin, I. (2010). Evaluating the use of learning objects for improving calculus readiness

*. Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching*,

*29*(1), 87-104.

Kay, R. H. & Knaack, L. (2008). Investigating the use of learning objects for secondary school mathematics.

*Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects.*

*4*, 269-289.

**Middle School**

Kay, R. H. (2011). Examining the effectiveness of web-based learning tools in middle and secondary school science classrooms.

*Interdisciplinary. Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects*, 7, 359-374.

Kay, R. H. (2011) Exploring the impact of web-based learning tools in middle school mathematics and science classrooms.

*Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, 30*(2), 141-162.

Kay, R. H. & Knaack, L. (2008). Exploring the use and effect of learning objects in middle school classrooms.

*Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology*,

*34*(1), 51-73

**Pedagogy**

Kay, R. H. (2013). Evaluating the instructional architecture of web-based learning tools (WBLTs): Direct instruction vs. constructivism revisited.

*Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 24*(1)

*,33-51.*

Kay, R. H. & Knaack, L. (2007). Evaluating the learning in learning objects.

*Open Learning*, 22(1), 5-28.

Kay. R. H., Knaack, L., & Muirhead, B. (2009). A formative analysis of instructional strategies for using learning objects.

*Journal of Interactive Learning Research*,

*20*(2), 295-315.

**Scale Development**

Kay, R. H. (2011). Evaluating learning, design, and engagement in web-based learning tools (WBLTs): The WBLT Evaluation Scale.

*Computers in Human Behaviour*, 27(5), 1849-1856. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2011.04.007

Kay. R. H., & Knaack, L. (2009). Assessing Learning, Quality and Engagement in Learning Objects: The Learning Object Evaluation Scale for Students (LOES-S).

*Education Technology Research and Development*,

*57*(2), 147-168.

Kay, R. H. & Knaack, L. (2008). A multi-component model for assessing learning objects: The learning object evaluation metric (LOEM).

*Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 24(5)*, 574-591.

**Science**

Kay, R. H. (2011) Exploring the impact of web-based learning tools in middle school mathematics and science classrooms.

*Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, 30*(2), 141-162.

Kay, R. H. & Knaack, L. (2009). Analyzing the effectiveness of learning objects for secondary school science classrooms.

*Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia*,

*18*(2), 113-135.

Kay, R. H., & Knaack, L. (2007c). Evaluating the use of learning objects for secondary school science.

*Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching*,

*26*(

*4*), 261-289.

**Secondary School**

Kay, R. H. (2012). Exploring the use of web-based learning tools in secondary school classrooms.

*Interactive Learning Environments*,

*20*(1), 1-17. doi:10.1080/10494820.2011.64167

Kay, R. H. (2009). Understanding factors that influence of the effectiveness of learning objects in secondary school classrooms. In L. T. W. Hin & R. Subramaniam (Eds.)

*Handbook of Research on New Media Literacy at the K-12 Level: Issues and Challenges*(pp.419-435). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.

Kay, R. H., & Knaack, L. (2008). An examination of the impact of learning objects in secondary school.

*Journal of Computer Assisted Learning*,

*24*(

*6*) 447-461.

Kay, R. H., & Knaack, L. (2007a). A systematic evaluation of learning objects for secondary school students.

*Journal of Educational Technology Systems*,

*35*(

*4*), 411-448.

Kay, R. H., & Knaack, L. (2005). Developing learning objects for secondary school students: A multi-component model.

*Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objects*,

*1*, 229-254.

**Teachers**

Kay, R. H., Knaack, L., & Petrarca, D. (2009). Exploring teacher perceptions of web-based learning tools.

*Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects*,

*5*, 27-50.